This course examines the relationship between micro-organisms, their human hosts and pharmaceutical products, cosmetics and medical devices. In lectures and labs, students further develop microbiological techniques to determine microbial populations and isolate specific spoilage micro-organisms and pathogens. This is achieved by using conventional accredited laboratory methods predominately current USP methodology. Other topics include chemotherapeutic agents, their mode of action, resistance and susceptibility. Emerging pathogens, their resistance to antimicrobial controls and their impact are studied. As well, students examine the methods of detecting antibiotic sensitivity and potency.