Students study about geology, soil formation and the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils in central Ontario where horticulture crops are common. Soil management, minimizing erosion and the fundamentals of plant nutrition and fertilization of crops will be presented. Fundamental environmental impacts of various management systems will be examined. Students are introduced to the agricultural industry and the horticulture sector of that industry. A brief history of the development of agriculture and agricultural organizations and agencies is presented.